Malabar Muslim History

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Muhyadheen Maala

Qadi Muhammad Ibn Abdul Aziz (d 1616) popularly known as Qadi Muhammad was the Qadi of Calicut in the sixteenth century and is considered as the author of the earliest dated work in Mappilappattu literature. His Muhyiddeen Mala is composed in the Arabi-Malayalam script in a mixture of Arabic, Malayalam and Tamil languages. 43% of the words used in it are from Arabic language, while another 25-30 percent show an influence of Tamil vocabulary. It is dated at 782 Kollam calendar which would equate to 1606 AD

It deals with the life of Abdul Qadir Jilani, the famous Sufi Wali(saint) of Baghdad.The book was held in high religious esteem by the Mappilas till the 20th century. Qadi Muhammad also authored the Fath-Al Mubeen, an Arabic poetic composition narrating the "perfect victory" of the combined native forces of the Zamorin, the Kunhali Marakkars and the Kolathiri against the Portuguese invaders at the Battle of Chaliyam in 1571. He also authored almost 50 other works in Arabic.

The seventeenth century also witnessed the composition of other popular works in the Malappattu genre, namely the Rifai Mala (1623) by Ahammadul Kabeer, Uswath Mala (1628) and Valiya Naseehath Mala (1674) by Manantakath Kunhikoya Thangal.